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Chapter III: Judgements of Supreme Court and High Court


     The Supreme court of India and various High Courts have delivered several important judgments referring to the different kinds of fundamental duties. Though originally, it was thought that the Directive Principles are not enforceable in court of law so it was though even the fundamental duties are not enforceable. However since the legal utilities of fundamental duties are similar to the Directive Principles as they stood in our Constitution of 1949, while the Directive Principles addresses to the State without any sanction so as the duties addresses to the citizens without any sanction for their violation.

     The citizen, it is expected, should be his own monitor while exercising and enforcing his fundamental rights, _ remembering that he owes the duties specified in art, 51A to the State and that if he does not care for the duties he should not deserve the rights. The  Court should have regard to the Directives as well as the Fundamental Duties along with the Fundamental Rights. These duties, therefore, remind the citizens about their moral and social obligations on the basis of constitutional obligation. There are some  leading judgments of Supreme Court and High Court on the following points under ARTICLE 51-A.

1. Scope.
2. Respect to National Flag and National Anthem.
3. Rendering National Service.
4. Preserving of composite Indian Culture.
5. Protection and improvement of natural environment.
6. Striving towards excellence in all spheres.
( For details of Judgments see the book)



Also In this Chapter:

Related Links:
Supreme Court Of India
Case Laws
Human Rights - India