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(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

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    Although once India was considered as Suvarna Bhumi, this country has failed to defend herself and was ruled over by several foreign powers for a long time. The foreign powers always took the advantage of the religious, linguistic and regional differences between the people of India and had invaded upon India.
Even after independence India was required to defend herself from the Chinese and Pakistani aggressions. At the time of Chinese aggression some attempts were made to divide India on the basis of political ideologies viz. suggesting that the communist ideology will be more suitable for the people of India. The people of India refused to accept that suggestion and stood together as one man and defended the country from the Chinese aggression. The India was also required to defend herself when there was aggression from Pakistan. The attempts were made to divide India on the ground of religion, the Indians however stood together united and defended the country from the aggression of Pakistan. India was also again required to defend herself at the time of freedom movement of Bangla Desh.

    In Russia : To defend a country is a national obligation and duty. There are several countries in the world who have made defence services or military services obligatory. Under Article 132 of U.S.S.R. universal military service is a law. Military service of the citizens of the U.S.S.R. Article 133 of the U.S.S.R. states that “to defend the country is the sacred duty of every citizen of the U.S.S.R. Treason to the Military Laws - violation of the oath of allegiance, desertion to the enemy impairing the military power of the state espionage - is punishable with all the severity of the law is the most heinous of crimes.”

    In China : Art, 103 of the Peoples Republic of China states that it is a sacred responsibility of every citizen of the People’s Republic of China to defend the motherland.It is the honourable duty of citizens of the People’s Republic of China to perform military service according to law.
 
    In Germany : Under Art, 12-A of the Constitution of Federal Republic of Germany a man who attains the age of eighteen may be required to serve in the arms force in the federal border on guard or in a civil defence organization etc.

    India has also now made a duty to defend the country and to render national service when called upon to do so.